• malware malicious software
    Cybersecurity,  Malware

    Malware Explained

    If you have been using computer systems, you must be aware of the term malware. It is a kind of malicious software that is also known as badware and is created to harm the computer system and the programs. There is not one but there are many types of malware that can be found in a computer system, like trojan, ransomware, spyware, virus, and other such malware. They are usually written and created by hackers with malicious intent. The term malware has come from the term Malicious Software only. Malware is not at all good for our computer systems. There are different reasons why malware has been created and used, but they are in use from a long time. However, the good part is that we do have processes and software to fight the malware. Let’s know in detail about the malware.

    Different types of Malware

    As we have already mentioned above that there are different types of malware, so you should also know that these different types of malware have different properties also. This means that they do not do the same kind of damage to your computer system, but they infect your computer system in different ways. They tend to expose vice related content such as porn and other adult sites. In fact many fuck sites offer extra safety features and encourage members to spot fakes claiming to be the same free sex site to trick prospective users. The tactics of malicious actors are unlimited. So, let’s know about them, so we can be aware of what the malware can do to our system.

    • Trojans – This is considered to be a very harmful malware, as it may even help other malware to enter your system by creating a problem in the security of your system. You may find this malware in the legitimate software, hidden in them. Or they may pretend as legitimate software but in reality, they are the malware. But as they are good at hiding themselves as long as possible, so you may not be able to know that they are trojans and you may end up installing them in your system.
    • Spyware – You can guess it by the name only that is spyware. So, they are being created for spying purposes and are generally being used for stealing important information from your system. They work in the background of your system, without letting you know. And they may steal your bank account or other passwords when you open those accounts online, they may steal your credit card number or your other important data.
    • Virus – We all know about different types of viruses and we know that their main motive is to infect. That is what they do in your computer system also. They will spread in your computer system and will end up infecting your file by corrupting them or deleting them.
    • Ransomware – Mostly when hackers want to get money from you, they may attack your system with ransomware. This type of malware keeps deleting files from your system or may make your system unable to process anything. Until and unless you will not pay the ransom, they will keep infecting your system.

    How to know that your system has malware?

    Detecting malware is not very difficult, but detecting different kinds of malware can be a bit tricky. As all malware differs from each other, and they cannot be checked easily. On the other hand, there are some kinds of malware that can be detected easily without any problem. Like the adware and ransomware are the kind of malware, which one can check easily. As they end up streaming n number of ads like when you are browsing or you have downloaded any application, you will find endless ads coming your way. Or otherwise, they end up encrypting your files. So, it is easier to know that such types of malware are there in your system or programs or browsers. But then, you do have malware like spyware or trojans, which are not at all easy to find. They can hide for long without letting you know that they are present there in your system. These are some of the very harmful malware for your systems, and it is always said that one should try to keep their system away from these types of malware. There are a few more about whom you will get to know from the symptoms, but the symptoms may start showing late, however, they can be present in your system from a long time. As they may operate secretly for some time and then your system may start showing the problem, like getting shut down suddenly, deletion of files, freezing, replacement of files, etc. These types of malware are known as worms and viruses.

    The best and the only way you can use to detect these types of malware is to keep scanning your system using the Anti-Malware Software. You can install them easily in your PC, Laptop, or Smartphone, and can save them from getting infected from the malware. The anti-malware software has tools for scanning and detecting the malware in your system. They help in blocking these different types of malware which are trying to harm your PC or Laptop. But you also need to ensure that the anti-malware software which you are using or planning to use, fight against all the malware. As there are some of the anti-malware software which only help in detecting some of the malware and not all.

  • Shareware

    What is Shareware?

    Shareware is nothing but a subtype of  software that is proprietary in nature. It was at starting available at free of cost to interested users, they were permitted and appreciated to create and share multiple copies of this software program. Shareware is most commonly made available in a form of program which can be downloaded from an online website or even in the form of a compact disc that is sometimes inculcated in a book or magazine. It can be availed with almost every software of a computer. It can be differentiated from a software that is an open-source , in which the code of source is provided to any person to check and change and  also in the freeware, that is also a software which is provided at free of cost to the person using it but with a condition which does not have a source code available for them.

    There are a lot of different types of sharewares available in the market, and in spite of the fact that they are not made to have an initial or starting setting up payment, most of them are planned to create and provide revenue in some of the ways possible. A limit is used to personalize the non-marketing matters and purposes specifically, during its purchasing there is a requirement of a license so that it can be used in the enterprises of businesses. This shareware software could itself be in functional limits or could be time bound, or it might bring in mind of the user that an enough amount or required amount of payment is always appreciated.

    Different types of shareware

    Adware

    Adware is an abbreviation for “advertising-supported software”. It is like any package of software that automatically gives advertisements that help in generating revenues for the author or the user. The functions of this type of shareware could be created and designed to study and analyze the websites which  the user often visits and also help in presenting the advertising the varieties of goods and services that are available and featured there.

    Crippleware

    Crippleware has important characteristics of the shareware program, which may include printing or the capability of saving the created files and even disabled or posses unwanted characteristics like the watermarks present on various video editing and screen casting softwares. This happens till the person offer to buy this software. This gives permission to the users to have a keen and a close look at the characters of a software program without being enabled to utilize it to create an output. This is a common approach for programs and apps that attempt to use a “foot in the door” marketing approach. This is common with industry specific tools and adult dating apps and sites. Local hookup apps like https://Localsexfinder.app commonly utilize offering a trial version of their adult hookup app as a lead in hoping users will sign up for premium memberships.

    Donationware

    Donationware is a type of shareware which is considered as model of licensing that provide the supplies of completely functional software that is without any restrictions to the interested user and it also requests a donation that is totally optional in nature. The donation can be given to this programmer person himself or even to a beneficiary of the third party who usually does not gain any profit out of it. The money amount to be donated can be negotiated even by the seller or provider.

  • Data Compression

    What is Data Compression?

    Data compression is the reduction in the number of bits that is required to represent data. Compressing data can help to save on storage, speed up file transfer, capacity and decrease the storage for hardware and network bandwidth.

    How compression works

    The process of compression is performed by a program which uses the formula of algorithm so as to determine how to shrink the size of the data. For example, an algorithm may use represent a string of bits 0s and 1s with a smaller string of 0s and 1s through the use of a dictionary for the conversion between them.

    Text compression can be as simple as removing all the unneeded characters and inserting a single repeat character to indicate a string of repeated characters while substituting a smaller bit string for a frequently occurring bit string. Data compression can be able to shrink a text file by 50% or significantly higher percentage of its original size.

    In the case of data transmission, compression can be performed on the content of the data, including header data. Whenever information is sent or received via the internet, files that are large can be transmitted in a Zip, GZIP or another file format.

    Why is data compression important?

    Data compression has the ability to decrease the amount of storage file for example in a 2:1 compression ratio a 20-megabyte file may take up 10 MB space and as a result the data administrator spends less money and time on storage space.

    Compression optimizes backup storage performance as recently shown in primary storage data reduction. Compression is a very important method of data reduction as it continues to grow exponentially. Any type of file can be compressed however, it is very important to follow the best practices when choosing the type of files to compress. For instance, some files may need to be compressed therefore compressing those files would have a significant impact.

    Data compression methods

    Compressing data can be lossy or lossless process. Lossless compression enables the restoration of a file to its original state without necessarily the lose of a single bit of data when uncompressing the file. Lossless compression is the typical approach where executables as well as text and spreadsheet files in a case where the loss of words or numbers would affect or change the information.

    Lossy information basically eliminates bits of data that is redundant, unimportant or imperceptible. Lossy compression is very useful with audio, graphics, video and images where the removal of some data bits has a little or no discernible effect of the content.

    Graphic image compression can either be lossy or lossless. The file formats are typically designed to compress information since the files tend to be large. JPEG for instance, is a file format that supports lossy image compression formats such as GIF and PNG.

    Compression vs data duplication

    Compression is often compared to data deduplication in that the two technique operate frequently. Deduplication is a type of compression that looks for redundant chunks of data across several storage systems and then replaces each of the duplicate chunks with a pointer to the original. Data compression algorithms reduces the sizes of the size of the bit strings in a data stream that is far much smaller in scope and generally remembers more or less of the data.

    Data compression and Backup

    Compression is mainly used for data that cannot be accessed that much as the process can be rather intensive and slow. Administrators are able to seamlessly integrate compression in their backup systems. Backup is a redundant type of workload and any organization that performs full backups often have close to the same data from backup to backup.

    Benefits of compressing data

    Some of the major benefits of compressing data include data that is compressed takes up less space with a compression ratio of between 100:1 0r 5:1 or 2:1. Incase compression takes place in a server then prior transmission the time it takes to transmit data and the total network bandwidth is drastically reduced. On tape the compressed smaller file system image can be scanned faster and reach a particular file reducing the storage space. The greatest advantage of data compression is reduction in storage hardware, data transmission as well as communication bandwidth.